2 edition of role of the similarity factor in transfer and retention in two forms of sensori-motor learning found in the catalog.
role of the similarity factor in transfer and retention in two forms of sensori-motor learning
Frank James Holmes
Abridgement of thesis (PH. D.)--New York university, 1941.
|Other titles||Sensori-motor learning.|
|Statement||by Frank James Holmes.|
|LC Classifications||BF371 .H725|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 p. leaf, 5-20 p.|
|Number of Pages||20|
|LC Control Number||a 47001267|
The role of sensorimotor learning in the perception of letter-like forms: Tracking the causes of neural specialization for letters Karin H. James and Thea P. Atwood Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA Functional specialization in the brain is considered a hallmark of efﬁcient processing. Multiple learning processes contribute to successful goal-directed actions in the face of changing physiological states, body structures, and environments (Taylor et al., ; Huberdeau et al., ; McDougle et al., ).Among these processes, implicit sensorimotor adaptation is of primary importance for maintaining appropriate calibration of sensorimotor Cited by:
Experiential learning activities can help students: Remain focused — Students who are engaged and learning actively are less likely to become bored and disinterested. Learn differently — When students are involved in the learning process they are more engaged emotionally, helping them experience learning in a dynamic, new : Justin Raudys. The exploits of Martina Navratilova and Roger Federer represent the pinnacle of motor learning. However, when considering the range and complexity of the processes that are involved in motor learning, even the mere mortals among us exhibit abilities that are by:
Observational learning, method of learning that consists of observing and modeling another individual’s behavior, attitudes, or emotional gh it is commonly believed that the observer will copy the model, American psychologist Albert Bandura stressed that individuals may simply learn from the behavior rather than imitate it.. Observational learning is a major . Suppose you did an experiment that compared the effect of two practice conditions (A & B) on learning a skill. The results showed that during practice, performance for condition B was better than for A. But, on the transfer test, A was better than B. What should you conclude about which practice condition is better for learning?/5.
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The Roles of Similarity in Transfer: Separating Retrievability from Inferential Soundness. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY25, () The Roles of Similarity in Transfer: Separating Retrievability from Inferential Soundness. DEDRE GENTNER Northwestern University MARYJoRATTERMANN School of Communications and Cognitive Science, Hampshire College.
Similarity is universally acknowledged to be central in transfer, but recent research suggests that its role is complex. The present research attempts to isolate and compare the determinants of similarity-based access to memory and the determinants of the subjective soundness and similarity of a match.
We predicted, based on structure-mapping theory, that subjective Cited by: Suggestion: Enable dynamic insertion to create accounts as you enter transactions. The system automatically maintains budgetary control relationships when you use dynamic insertion. Attention: When you use dynamic insertion, the system maintains budgetary control relationships, including summary relationships when you create new accounts.
Thus with dynamic Cited by: The Transfer of Learning as HCI Similarity: tion, but no transfer from the other two interactions. This work provides a ﬁrst objective assessment of the sensory- skills transfer between different forms of interaction, inspired from the motor learning.
The role of sensorimotor learning in the perception of letter-like forms: Tracking the causes of neural specialization for letters. We develop a model of perceptual similarity judgment based on re-training a deep convolution neural network (DCNN) that learns to associate different views of each 3D object to capture the notion of object persistence and continuity in our visual experience.
The re-training process effectively performs distance metric learning under the object persistency constraints, to Cited by: 5. Figure 1. Music training and transfer effects conceptualized as a multidimensional continuum.
The extent of a transfer effect from one activity to another can be characterized by two continuous, orthogonal dimensions: (1) the level of affected processing (low-level sensory vs. high-level cognitive); and (2) the “distance” of transfer from the domain of training (near vs.
far).Cited by: The fast learner learns more rapidly (indicated by a higher learning rate, β f > β s) and also 'unlearns' more rapidly (indicated by a lower retention factor, α f Cited by: Principles of sensorimotor learning.
suggested that observational learning involves processing two forms of prediction. (indicated by a lower retention factor.
right parietal lobe. The dorsolateral prefrontal association cortex. is important in the initiation of complex voluntary movements and sends projections to the primary and secondary motor cortices. The decision to initiate a voluntary response seems, in part, to be made by the.
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The practiced skill one day after practice ends. Degree of positive transfer is related to the: Degree of similarity between the parts of the two skills. Bilateral transfer can be related to the concept of the generalized motor program (GMP) because muscle selection in performing a skill is: A parameter of the GMP.
Motor learning is a change, resulting from practice or a novel experience, in the capability for responding. It often involves improving the smoothness and accuracy of movements and is necessary for complicated movements such as speaking, playing the piano, and climbing trees; but it is also important for calibrating simple movements like reflexes, as parameters of the.
Researchers have worked to develop a general theory of transfer of learning--a theory that could help students get better at transfer.
This has proven to be a difficult research challenge. At one time, it was common to talk about transfer of learning in terms of near and far transfer.
Thereby similarities and analogies between previous and actual learning content and processes may play a crucial role. The transfer phenomenon is presented within a general perspective of learning.
Transfer of skills and analogical transfer are illustrated and discussed along with two examples: playing the violin and identifying an unknown object. Suggested Citation: "3 Learning and Transfer." National Research Council.
How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / elements across the two events. The essential elements were presumed to be specific facts and skills. By such an account. Similarity is universally acknowledged to be central in transfer, but recent research suggests that its role is complex.
The present research attempts to isolate and compare the determinants of similarity-based access to memory and the determinants of the subjective soundness and similarity of a by: Research continues to explore the mechanisms that mediate successful motor control.
Behaviourally-relevant modulation of muscle commands is dependent on sensory signals. Proprioception -- the sense of body position -- is one signal likely to be crucial for motor learning. The present thesis explores the relationship between human proprioception and motor : Jeremy D Wong.
A Few Applications for Social Learning Theory. Social learning theory can have a number of real-world applications. For example, it can be used to help researchers understand how aggression and violence might be transmitted through observational learning.
David Ausubel – Meaningful Learning Theory Biographical information: David Paul Ausubel is an American psychologist and educator. He was born in the United States, New York in Octogrew up in Brooklyn, New York, and died July 9, Ausubel went to the University of Pennsylvania to get his bachelor degree in Psychology and Pre-Med, and he graduated in.
Motor skill acquisition continues throughout the lifespan. In typically developing children and adolescents, improvements in upper limb motor skills during the first two decades of life are attributable to maturation in both sensorimotor and cognitive systems. 1, 2 We define upper limb motor skill improvements as occurring in both motor performance (endpoint Cited by:.
The goal of this paper is to develop an extended framework for supervised learning with similarity functions. Kernel learning algorithms  have become the mainstay of discriminative learning with an incredible amount of effort having been put in, both from the theoretician’s as well as the prac-titioner’s by: 8.Learning theories are an organized set of principles explaining how individuals acquire, retain, and recall knowledge.
By studying and knowing the different learning theories, we can better understand how learning occurs. The principles of the theories can be used as guidelines to help select instructional tools, techniques and strategies that.Nonetheless, as should be clear, these two forms of synaptic plasticity are widely expressed by invertebrate nervous systems, and as well play important roles in invertebrate learning .